By the middle of the 20th century, humans had learned to travel outside the Earth's atmosphere using technology. The invention of the Integrated Circuit (IC) gave rise to the computer revolution. Technology is a group of studies or sciences related to practical and industrial arts and applied sciences. Those who adopt technology in the business form are called engineers.

Humans have been using technology since time immemorial. Technology has a huge contribution to the development of modern civilization. Societies or nations that are technically competent are also able to be strategic and they can also become financially competent.  Along with the industrial revolution came mechanical technology. This was followed by electrical engineering, chemical technology, and other technologies. The present time is of computer technology and information technology. So now we will discuss some such revolutionary technologies that can completely change our world in the future:

7.) Quantum Computers

Current modern-day computers are becoming deadlocked by Moore’s Law and will eventually be replaced by a new type of computing technology. Quantum computers utilize quantum bits which are known as qubits. These qubits behave quantumly, so they have the ability to use one and zero at the same time, allowing for exponentially faster calculations. However, current quantum computing is still in its infancy phase since qubits are notoriously tricky to manipulate and maintain. So, they are not able to play Crysis or even the time to run Windows for that matter. Only time will tell if quantum Computers have become part of our everyday lives.

6.) Nanomachines

We have utilized basic forms of nanotechnology with self-cleaning materials and sunblock which reflect ultraviolet light, but this technology is still in its infancy phase, and we have only begun to discover its potential. Imagine a set of nanomachines that could destroy cancer cells or have the ability to transform a truck to a sports car. There really is no limit to what nanotechnology can do. But the main problem with nanomachine is that it does bring up a new realm of problems associated with energy and even production.
We also have to consider that nanomachines can be one of the most powerful weapons ever made, which could make it to be one of the most revolutionary and deadliest technologies at the same time. But to engineering things at a now scale can also lead to new developments in metamaterials. They are not really machines, but they’re more, so materials which don’t occur naturally. A few examples would include a cloaking device or even a superlens that gets around the problems associated with wave decay. But the applications of metamaterials are basically endless. Ultimately, if we can figure out how to build and mass-produce things and a now scale it will completely change our world.

5.) Ultracapacitors

We always hear about a new battery invention every year and it’s almost comical at this point, but invented something which supersedes existing battery technology and actually making it practical.

We also have to keep in mind that batteries have limited lifespans, and they have long charging times. Ultracapacitors can overtake this type of technology, since, they can charge within seconds and Germer cycles and even undergo greater temperature variations. But the only problem is that ultracapacitors do not quite carry the same energy density as a battery. So a car running on the equivalent weight of capacitors would not quite get the mileage as you would on batteries. That is quickly changing though and research is being done with graphene and metal carbides, to make an ultracapacitor that has greater energy density. Combined with getting the cost of capacitors down, then we could ultimately see the ultracapacitor replace the battery.

4.) Artificial Intelligence

Various type of AI system is already in place and it’s rapidly changing things. From driving vehicles to performing surveillance, it has no doubt proved that it can outperform humans in certain tasks, and it has limitless potential. So, what about a fully conscious AI? The riddles to consciousness are figuring out how it even works? Is it based on survivability or is it something deeper than that, like a soul?

There is no universal agreement on what life even is. So humanity can progress another hundred, even a thousand years into the future and there still may not be an answer to this problem. But, at some point, maybe not in our lives, but sometime in the future, it may become very difficult to tell the difference between a human and a laborer, today, our system portraying humans.

3.) VR Immersion

It’s not really that far off to think that we may just end up living in a fantasy world if we are not already. The VR Immersion would obviously be able to stimulate all five senses and therefore we wouldn’t be able to tell the difference between real life and the VR ( Virtual Reality) worlds. With nearly half the population of poverty, this would be a very powerful incentive to visit VR. But that is only if the technology becomes cost viable for everyone.

Let’s just hope that people are not eventually jacked into a matrix style system. But if we take one step further augmented reality which superimposes images and information on the real world, maybe the key to power and it might give one person an information advantage over anyone.

2.) Room-temperature Superconductors

Superconductors were discovered over a hundred years ago, and they have a property of exhibiting zero electrical resistance. Ultimately whoever figures out how to make a room-temperature superconductor, will hold one of the most important keys to the future of technology. From hybrid trains to ultra-efficient motors and even power lines with zero energy loss, there would be a complete revolution.

Now we have experimented with a few things and nothing has been clarified just yet. One of them being metallic hydrogen, but it is also very unlikely to be metastable it might just be superconductive when it’s under extreme pressure. Graphene also could be superconductive but this is a two-dimensional layer and it still needs to be cooled down. But having said that there have been advances in graphene design and production. So it could be the answer to this problem. We’ll just have to wait and see.

1.) Fusion Power

We always hear about how fusion power is just around the corner, but this time around there are some real breakthroughs. From MIT to the ITER, in even the Tokamak Reactor, there are multiple projects around the world that are using different approaches to a stable reaction. There’s even the Lockheed Martin Compact Fusion Reactor project which is intended to be a mobile 100-megawatt unit. Not much more information has been cleared lately.

MIT has also made the extreme claim that they will produce stable fusion power, as soon as 2025. But maybe fusion powers not the answer to our energy needs, it might come from an outsider which is pretty much ignored by mainstream science. One example there is the Brilliant Light Power SunCell reactor. To sum this up it’s basically a reaction that forces hydrogen atoms to go to a lower than ground state and exhibit enormous amounts of energy. Now yes, this is technically impossible but it’s kind of need to see working prototypes actually produce a reaction. Ultimately whether it comes from fusion or some other source it is much-needed and it will help advance our civilization into the future.