The long jump to Mars in the Arab world by the United Arab Emirates is truly praiseworthy. In the Arab world, the UAE has become the first country to send a satellite to Mars. The UAE satellite will arrive at Mars in February 2021 by covering a distance of 49.4 million km at an average speed of 1.21 lakh km per hour and spend a Martian year (687 days) on orbit around Mars collecting data about its atmosphere. The United Arab Emirates will also be celebrating the 50th anniversary of its formation in February 2021. The name of this satellite is "Hope". In six years a team of 150 scientists has built this satellite.
The UAE enlisted the help of NASA for the Mars mission launched in 2014. Experts from NASA's Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group (MEPAG) have helped to build this satellite. The UAE contacted NASA regarding the information it intends to obtain under this mission. This mission had to be postponed twice before launching successfully. Prior to the leap made by the UAE to Mars, the United States, Russia, India, and Europe have already done this work.
H-IIA rocket built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries said in a statement, released soon after launch that we have launched the Emirate's Mars Mission (EMM) Hope Spacecraft by H-IIA vehicle number 42 (H-IIA F42) to local Japanese time at 6.58.14 pm ( Night 9.58, GMT). Five minutes after launch, the rocket was performing the first separation of its flight. According to the news agency Associated Press, the United Arab Emirates says that its space probe is working and sending signals after launching for Mars.
Five minutes after launch, the vehicle carrying this satellite was on its way. It also made the first separation of its journey. Emirate's project is one of the three projects racing to Mars. It also includes China's Tainwen-1 and America's Mars 2020. They are taking advantage of the opportunity when the distance between Earth and Mars is the shortest.
The director of the United Nations Office For Outer Space Affairs, Simonetta Di Pippo, said that the UAE is always looking forward to the future, it is our wonderful partner. In an interview from Vienna on Skype, she said, I am excited about the Hope Probe. This shows that the UAE is indeed becoming a major player in the space sector. "It is very interesting that a country which did not have any space program or space agency till a few years ago, is now able to launch an investigation of Mars," said Simonetta Di Pippo, about the launching of Hope Probe.
The UAE now wants to reduce its dependence on oil to take the economy to a new height. That is why it constantly looking for new possibilities. As far as the Hope Satellite is concerned, let us also tell you here that there are high risks in the mission to Mars. Half the missions launched so far have failed. Omran Sharaf is the project director for the entire mission. They believe that even after the risk, they are moving in the right direction.
The UAE says that its mission does not intend to do the research on Mars about which the world's scientists already know. Therefore, this mission is very special. Under this mission, Hope Satellite will study the weather and climate of Mars. The UAE's Hope satellite on Mars will also try to find out what happened on Mars that ended up both air and water on it.
Apart from this, Hope will also study on Mars, how the energy moves in the atmosphere there? The satellite will study the dust spreading on Mars and consequently the change in the temperature of Mars will also study. This satellite will also study the behavior of neutral atoms of hydrogen and oxygen present in the atmosphere of Mars.
According to scientists, energy particles from the Sun also reach Mars. Scientists believe that there was also water on Mars at some time, but due to the constant change, it was ended. Hope will also try to find a reason for this. Hope Satellite will investigate these information by orbiting at 22 thousand to 44 thousand km away from Mars.