Over the next decade, they would be able develope fully reusable rockets. At least, they've begun testing their reusable rocket technologies: SpaceX is developing Big Falcon Rocket (BFR), Blue Origin is developing New Glenn, and ISRO is developing Reusable Launch Vehicles- Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD).
SpaceX's vs Blue Origin's vs ISRO's Reusable Rocket Launch Vehicle Technology
Among these, SpaceX is the only company with proven experience in reusing rocket parts, Blue Origin has several vertical ascent and landing tests, and ISRO successfully conducted testing of its Reusable Launch Vehicle- Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD) in 2016. Space organisations such as the European Space Agency, Russia's Roscosmos, and China's national space agency all had intentions for developing reusable rocket launch vehicles, but none of them began testing prototypes ad ISRO has already mastered reusable rocket launching technology like SpaceX.
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SpaceX's Reusable Rocket Technology
With that in mind, let's start with these three space agencies. Hopefully, we can gain a sense of what it means to be a rocket company in the twenty-first century.
SpaceX, which was found in 2002, is the first company to work on reusable rocket launching technologies. In fact, it is the world's only space company having complete data sets for the critical vertical rocket landing. As a result, SpaceX is the only company that understands what to avoid while landing of a rocket at hypersonic velocity.
Over the years, SpaceX has developed the reusable Falcon rocket family, which consists of two extremely powerful launch vehicles, the Falcon 9 and the Falcon Heavy. If industry experts can legitimately question SpaceX's inexperience and security in 2014 - those claims completely vanished just four years later - it's surprising how quickly an industry is disorganized. They put you in a historical perspective.NASA spent $196 billion to fund the reusable space shuttle, only to abandon it in 2011 due to two disasters that claimed the lives of 14 of our astronauts.
In 2008, no one could believe, a private company with a hundred million dollars from its founders would be able successfully develop reusable rocket. It took NASA one hundred and ninety-six billion dollars to support the reusable space shuttle. NASA spent $196 billion to fund the reusable space shuttle, only to abandon it in 2011 due to two disasters that ended the lives of 14 astronauts.
What advantage does SpaceX have that might ensure its own success, if NASA is unable to develop reusable rockets worth $196 billion?
However, despite having limited resources with their precise actions, SpaceX with their hostile mind proved that everyone was wrong. SpaceX is now the most successful space agency in the world. SpaceX is changing the space industry at a rate no one has seen before. We believe its innovative entrepreneurial spirit is the core of its success. But that's not all, it turns out that the goal of SpaceX is not to dominate the startup industry, but to make the human species multiplanetary. To achieve this, it is necessary to build an even more ambitious launher.
The Big Falcon Rocket (BFR)
It's a massive spaceship with a capacity comparable to the Saturn V, but it only costs a few million dollars to launch. After updation, the trick is that BFR, like a Boeing 747, is fully reusable. BFR will have a launch capacity of more than a hundred tonnes after the modifications, putting it at the top of the leaderboard in terms of capacity.
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Blue Origin's Reusable Rocket Technology
Blue Origin, in our perspective, is SpaceX's closest competition. Despite years of capacity gaps, the Blue Origin has two trump cards, the first of which is money, and the second of which is Jeff Bezos himself.
Jeff Bezos, the founder of Amazon, also found the Blue Origin. Amazon's CEO Jeff Bezos has a net worth of over $155 billion dollars, he is 54 years old. In his lifetime, to put his fortune in context he can spend $3 billion per year on Blue Origin for another 50 years. When he will die, he will leave five-billion-dollar inheritance for his children. Three billion dollars is the total budget of the Chinese space agency and almost double the budget of ISRO (the Indian space research organization).
Having too much money, on the other hand, isn't always a good thing, since it has already killed many startups. As a result, the second trump card is most important for Blue Origin, which is Jeff Bezos himself, he is the world's most successful entrepreneur. Amazon has grown from a small online bookstore to a global tech giant, thanks to his ideas. He now understands what makes a company successful and what causes it to fail. As a result, Blue Origin, led by Jeff Bezos, will show to be a toughest competition in the future space race. As a result, money is not an issue for Blue Origin; it is a luxury that SpaceX did not have when it began.
BE-4 Engine vs Merlin Engine
The BE-4 engine is 2.5 times more powerful than the Falcon 9's current Merlin engines. However, this does not imply that the BE-4 engine is superior to the Merlin engine. BE-4 isn't quite as good as Merlin, but it does demonstrate Blue Origins' current capabilities, as the engines are arguably the most crucial aspect of the rocket. As a result of these two trump cards, Blue Origin is a toughest competitor for the future of space exploration.
ISRO's Reusable Rocket Launch Vehicle-Technology Demonstrator
Reusable Launch Vehicle- Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD) is the third reusable launch vehicle for the future of space race, it is developed and tested by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). ISRO is a government agency that is distinct from the other two. ISRO, on the other hand, is very cost-conscious and results-oriented. Under its $1.7 billion annual budget, it's remarkable that it accomplished what it did. Some of the most successful missions of ISRO include the successful Mars orbiter mission called as "Mangalyaan" in the first attempt, it launched 104 satellites in a single launch.
The Reusable Launch Vehicle- Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD) development plan should be regarded seriously because it is known to be very efficient. The prototype was successfully launched and tested, and useful data was acquired. The RLV-TD resembles the space shuttle in appearance, lands horizontally, and features a large valley covered in heat-resistant material for rapid re-entry and landing. This reusable rocket development lowers the cost of each launch, but it also restricts RLV-TD applications to Earth.
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This reusable launch vehicle, unlike the other two reusable rockets described above, will not operate on the Moon or Mars since there is no runway or atmosphere for a horizontal winged landing on Mars. However, this is in line with ISRO's cost-cutting and risk-taking goals. However, be reasonable; ISRO has a perfect track record in previous undertakings. ISRO is also a strong contender for future of space race.
Whose Technology Will Be The Future Of Space Race?
Will the future of the space race be decided by SpaceX, which has the world's largest rocket, Blue Origin, which has the deepest rocket, or ISRO, a remarkably efficient and capable government agency?
Well, the answer is obvious; it depends on a variety of factors. However, if we consider the world's largest rocket, SpaceX unquestionably takes the top spot. However, with so few resources, ISRO's amazing achievement cannot be ruled out. Not to mention the fact that ISRO is a government organisation. The more pertinent question is: what does it mean to be a rocket company?
Clearly, "The largest problem for technology companies in the twenty-first century is to find the perfect employee. People that are dedicated to and passionate about their organisation, are not frightened of change in order to embrace innovation, entrepreneurship, and most importantly, they like what they do." The best examples of such persons are Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos.
With the appropriate individuals, you'll need the correct organisational culture, ISRO is an excellent example of a company with the right people and the right culture. You're still halfway there if you have the right people and the correct culture. How can a company achieve success with the right people and the right culture? The answer is, with your your efforts and hard work.